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Getting a mortgage is important when purchasing a home, whether it’s your first time or not. And just like buying a house itself, it comes with tons of considerations. 

In this article, we’ll help you learn the basics of loan application so without further ado, let’s get started.

What Is A Loan Application?

An application for a loan is exactly what its name says: a loan application. In addition to filling out a loan application form, an individual interested in applying for a loan must also write up an application before submitting it to a loan provider like a bank or another type of financial institution. 

To complete the application, borrowers must provide information about their finances, such as their assets and income. In addition to the information you supply, you will be expected to produce proof supporting the information you provide.

What Is Loan Processing?

Reviewing the loan application, ensuring that the borrower has submitted all of the relevant papers, and verifying that all of the information provided is accurate are all part of the process of processing the loan. The loan officer or originator guides you in selecting the loan product that best suits your needs.

The lender will order a credit report and a professional evaluation of your prospective home during the application process. The application procedure usually takes between 1-6 weeks.

loan application form

How To Secure A Loan

Here is the following information you may need to provide:

1. Pay Stubs For The Past 2-3 Months

An employer's pay stub is a document that lists the employee's gross earnings, deductions from that pay, and net pay. Each employee receives a new pay stub for every pay period since pay stubs are produced concurrently with paychecks.

2. W-2 Forms For The Past 2 Years

Specific details regarding your income from your company, the amount of taxes deducted from your salary, the benefits offered, and other information are shown on a W-2 tax form.

3. Information On Long-Term Debts

Long-term liabilities, also termed long-term debts, are third-party debts owed by a corporation for more than 12 months. The balance sheet shows current and long-term liabilities.

4. Recent Bank Statements And Tax Returns For The Past 2 Years

The transactions for a bank account over a specific time, typically monthly, are listed in a bank statement. The statement shows deposits, charges, withdrawals, and period balances. For tax returns, provide income, expenses, and other information to a tax authority.

5. Proof Of Any Other Income

Some examples include retirement income, investments, canceled debts, certificate of employment with monthly income payslips, payroll bank account statements, screenshots of online banking payroll credits, mobile banking apps, and other income.

6. Address And Description Of The Property You Want To Buy

The property's identification and a general summary of its history and progression must be included in the description of the property.

7. A Sales Contract On The Home You Want To Buy

Sales contracts are legally binding. The document provides transaction data, conditions of sale, specific product or service descriptions, and more. A solid sales contract should clarify each party's rights and responsibilities.
These are the essential steps when applying for a loan. To learn more about mortgages and similar topics, just visit our website.

Mortgages with no-closing costs require the homebuyer to cover none of the necessary closing charges. Closing costs are covered by the mortgage lender on the buyer's behalf.

There is no such thing as a house purchase with no-closing charges, which is why no-closing cost mortgages are frequently referred to as "zero-closing cost mortgages" or "no fee mortgages."

In this part, we'll first go over how no-closing cost mortgage works, their benefits, and how much closing costs will be for you to purchase a property.

How Do Mortgages With No-Closing Costs Work?

Because purchasing a property and getting a mortgage costs money, "no-closing cost mortgage" is misleading. Every loan has taxes and recording fees. Loan origination and discount points are sometimes waived. The term "lender-paid closing cost mortgage" better describes how no-closing cost loans work. The lender pays the buyer's closing fees in a no-closing-cost loan.

Mortgage lenders offer higher mortgage interest to offset the buyer's closing costs. Market factors affect closing cost-interest rate tradeoffs. The no-cost mortgage option adds $35 per month to a $200,000 mortgage payment at current mortgage rates.

Buyers may request rebates up to their closing cost. Lenders only refund whole fees and may usually trade one percent in closing expenses for a 0.25 percent mortgage rate rise.

The Benefits Of Mortgages With No-Closing Costs

Here are the benefits of a no-closing cost mortgage:

The typical first-time home buyer requires eight years to save for a modest down payment and closing fees without a financial gift or down payment help. For many first-time buyers, eight years is too long. Homeownership is more affordable with no-closing cost mortgages.

mortgage papers with phone and pen

How Much Do Closing Costs For A Property Purchase?

Closing costs average 1.01 percent of a house's purchase price, or $1,001 per $100,000, according to CoreLogic's ClosingCorp. Closing costs include lender, settlement, and title services.

Here are some common mortgage closing costs:

Watch out for the next part as we share additional information about no-closing cost mortgages.

If you have questions or comments, feel free to drop them below.

Thank you!

Closing” is the final part of the buying process where all necessary documents are signed, money is exchanged, and house keys are given out. Also called “settlement,” this stage includes the buyers and sellers, their brokers, and attorneys, as well as a person in control of the procedure (the settlement agent). The title company and title agency are additional players before or during the closure. 

In this post, we will define some key roles as they all play a factor in the closing process. 

Title Insurance

Title insurance protects the mortgage lender in case there’s a problem with the title of the house. For instance, another party files a claim against the property.

On the other hand, the buyer may also have this; however, it’s optional. Meaning, you can choose not to have title insurance although it’s recommended since it might protect you from financial losses or potential damages caused by a bad title.

Title insurance is always required by lenders, but buyers are free to opt-out.

If you want to learn more about title insurance, how it works, and whether you need it or not, click the link to read our recent post about it.

Who Is Involved In Title Insurance?

The parties involved in title insurance are the following:

Title Company

Is the title company the same as the settlement company? The answer is no.

Purchasers, builders, developers, and lenders can obtain title insurance directly from and be directly underwritten by a title company, such as IndyLegal. One thing to note is that the title company may or may not be involved in the real estate closing.

Usually, the title company frequently acts as an independent agent for a title insurance business and issues title insurance policies on its behalf. While an underwriting firm receives the actual insurance premium and assumes the risk of any loss under the policy, the title company just facilitates the paperwork for issuing the policy.

To learn more about what we offer here at IndyLegal and how we can help you, you may call us at 317-214-6023 or click this link.

Title Agency

A subcontractor who represents the title company in a real estate transaction is known as the title agency. 

Before a title business releases the insurance coverage, a title agency underwrites the title. In place of the title corporation, one of the many small title agencies that exist across the U.S. will attend the closing. Purchasers of real estate can select the title agent or title business they want to work with.

When it comes to the policy, any flaws that are discovered throughout their investigation will be covered by this coverage. The price of insurance is frequently incorporated into the closing fees for a property, and the majority of lenders need title insurance before a sale is completed.

The Settlement Agent

So, what does a settlement company do?

The settlement agent is in charge of the closing procedure.

The title agent or title business, as well as a real estate agent, mortgage broker, builder, lawyer, or bank, may serve as the settlement agent. Their role includes but is not limited to ensuring that all necessary documents, including the loan agreements, are signed, money is transferred, and escrow payments are released. They also give the homebuyer the option to purchase a title policy and guarantee that the lender's title policy is carried out.

Take note that the title company, title agent, and settlement agent might be a single participant or from different organizations.

Difference Between Independent And Affiliated Settlement Agents

A real estate agent, mortgage broker, home builder, or a bank are examples of settlement service providers. A settlement agent or title agent may be an independent third party or an affiliate of one of these entities. 

An affiliate is a company with one or more service providers that receives compensation from the agent, who in this case is the settlement service provider. Although the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) forbids them, referral fees and kickbacks in the real estate industry nevertheless exist. 

To persuade the house buyer to choose the associated agency for settling/closing the transaction, the affiliated agent may provide a kickback in exchange for a referral from a settlement service provider. The settlement service may occasionally own a portion of the settlement or title agent.


A settlement agent that works independently of a settlement service provider is not connected to them and doesn't get paid extra for referring clients. Instead of using kickbacks, independent agents gain business due to the caliber of their services. Due to the referral fee that is incorporated into an associated agent's cost structure, consumers typically pay less for the services of an independent agent.

Independent agents do not perform one-stop shopping agreements and other cooperative ventures with settlement service providers. The fact that independent title agents make underwriting decisions based on good principles and without being influenced by referral fees is another advantage of their independence. Remember that the risk of a bad title does not fall on the kickback beneficiary; rather, the title agent is accountable for those risks.

You have the right to request an independent title agent rather than one who is affiliated with or suggested by a settlement service provider.

IndyLegal proudly serves buyers and sellers, banks and lenders, builders, developers, commercial agents and brokers, real estate brokers, and relocation companies in Indiana since 2008. If you want to learn how we can serve you better, contact us today.

8315 W. 10th Street
Indianapolis IN 46234

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