8315 W. 10th Street, Indianapolis IN 46234. 

Chain Of Title - What Is It And Why It's Important?

The chain of title is a list of every property owner, from the first to the present, as well as all of the transactions that have ever been made. You can check there to learn who has owned the property and how it has been transferred. If there are any liens or claims against the title of your property, this is where you should start looking first because it will give you a spot to start investigating and fixing the problem. 

The legal records that affect a property's ownership, use, and value are all included in the chain of title. These documents consist of:

  • CC&Rs
  • Deeds
  • Easements
  • Liens
  • Mortgages
  • Property Taxes Information
  • Surveys And Plat Maps
  • Plans For Title Insurance
  • Relevant legal records about the property, such as court orders and probate records

You should thoroughly examine the chain of title before purchasing or selling a property. The chain of title is broken and someone could eventually claim ownership of your land if a title transfer is erroneous or there is a void in the ownership history of the property. There are numerous ways in which it might occur.

  • Adverse possession is the process through which property ownership is obtained.
  • There is improper handling of the probate process.
  • The chain of titles contains a fake or false document.
  • Public records may contain mistakes or omissions, such as an incorrectly registered deed.
  • A former owner's heirs learned they were entitled to the property.
  • A property's legal description is unfinished or wrong.
  • Unreleased liens or encumbrances exist.
shaking hands for buying real estate

A title may become unclear in any of these scenarios. As a result of their reluctance to assume this risk, title insurance firms can decide not to cover you or charge you more. Don't freak out if you discover a break in your chain of title. You can fix it by taking certain actions.

#1 To assist you spot any gaps or inconsistencies, start by gathering all the property-related documents that are currently available. After that, use a title business to run a title search to find any gaps or contradictions. 

#2 Check the chain of title for the property to make sure it is correct and identify the place where the break happened.

#3 Fix the underlying problem that led to the break to eliminate the flaw.

  • Find the individual who neglected to sign the deed if it was the previous owner, and have them sign the document.
  • The proper government office can provide a copy of a lost or destroyed deed.
  • You'll need a correction deed if there was a mistake or omission in the earlier deed.
  • You must bring a quiet title action if there is a break in the chain of title that cannot be repaired in any other way.

#4 To guarantee that the chain of title is complete and that there are no lingering disagreements, record the documents after the mistakes have been fixed with the county recorder's office. 

Having an accurate chain of title is one of the ways you can protect your property, so it is important to make sure there are no breaks. If you’re curious about yours, or you want to have a title search done, give us a call at 317-214-6023 and we’ll be happy to assist.

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8315 W. 10th Street
Indianapolis IN 46234

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